Hydrogen Compressor Market

Hydrogen Compressor Market - Growth, Trends, COVID-19 Impact, and Forecasts (2021 - 2026)

SR497674 | 26-Mar-2021 | 100 Pages | Mordor Intelligence |


A hydrogen compressor is a device that increases the pressure of hydrogen gas by reducing its volume resulting in compressed hydrogen or liquid hydrogen. Most compressors used for gaseous hydrogen compression are either positive displacement compressors or centrifugal compressors. The hydrogen compressor market is expected to grow at a CAGR of more than 3.5% during the forecast period, reaching a value of around USD 1.88 billion by 2026 up from USD 1.51 billion in 2019. Factors such as increasing demand for hydrogen from end-user industries and the development of hydrogen pipeline infrastructure are expected to drive the market demand over the forecast period. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic and resultant lockdowns, several industries witnessed a shut-down in production. This also included hydrogen compressors and the raw materials and components that are required to manufacture compressors. This has hampered the growth of the hydrogen compressor market significantly from mid-2020 and is likely to continue till 2021. In addition, the project delays in oil & gas and petrochemical industries due to the ongoing price volatility also added to the adversity with the demand for the compressor also being delayed.

  • The oil-based segment is expected to dominate the hydrogen compressor market over the forecast period, owing to its advantages and applications in several end-user industries.

  • In February 2020, Burckhardt Compression signed an agreement with GRZ Technologies, a spin-off of Laboratory of Materials for Renewable Energy from EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland, to develop a new hydrogen compression technology in the coming years. The technology is expected to be deployed in hydrogen fuel stations, hydrogen energy storage systems, and other applications and will use thermal active metal hydrides. Such technological developments are likely to create immense opportunities for the market studied in the coming years.

  • Asia-Pacific is expected to dominate in the hydrogen compressor market during the forecast period with majority of the demand coming from China, India, and Japan.

Key Market Trends

Oil-based Segment to Dominate the Market

  • Oil-based lubricated compressors cost less, provide a longer service life compared to oil-free compressors, and are considered ideal for commercial and industrial applications until and unless in industries, where consequences of oil contamination are considered very high and having an oil-free compressor is a must.

  • Oil-based compressors are considered more efficient than oil-free type compressors, as oil acts as a cooling medium, taking out approximately 80% of the compressor's heat during the compression process considered more suitable for industrial usage with requirements of a high compression ratio.

  • In terms of capital outlay, lubricated oil-based compressors are often considered less expensive than oil-free compressors, with price differences often varying in the range of 30-40%. It may even reach 50%, depending upon factors, such as capacity and industry-specific requirements, among others, and in turn, resulting in the increased demand for oil-based hydrogen compressors.

  • Oil-based hydrogen compressors are mostly preferred in the manufacturing industry (Glass purification, iron and steel industry, semiconductor manufacturing, etc. for operations like welding, annealing, and heat-treating of metals), power plants (coolant for generators), aerospace applications, pharmaceuticals, etc.

  • Additionally, there is a persistent threat of premature wear of the hydrogen compressor components due to insufficient lubrication, which may add to the maintenance cost of oil-based hydrogen compressors, in turn, limiting their demand.

  • However, the outbreak of COVID-19 is expected to cause a significant impact on the usage of oil-based hydrogen compressors due to global economic slowdown, a drop in industrial activities, and a drop in demand for raw and manufactured goods across the world until 2021 and is likely to recover for the rest of the forecast period.

Asia-Pacific to Dominate the Market

  • Asia-Pacific is expected to be the promising market for fuel cells in the coming years, on account of the favorable government policies in countries, such as China, Japan, and India.

  • China is one of the largest and fastest-growing hydrogen compressors markets in the world. The country has witnessed significant growth in its chemical, oil, and gas, and manufacturing sectors in recent years and is expected to continue to see moderate growth during the forecast period too.

  • Hydrogen centrifugal compressors are used in ethylene plants for cracked-gas compression and refrigeration services. With such upcoming projects, the demand for hydrogen compressors' application in ethylene plants is projected to increase in China. Owing to ethylene and benzene's production shortage, the country has been investing to increase its production capacity of ethylene and benzene.

  • The Indian fertilizer industry witnessed remarkable growth in the past five decades. As of 2019, it is the second-largest producer of nitrogenous fertilizers and third-largest in phosphatic fertilizers globally. During the FY19, India produced 415 lakh metric tons (LMT) of fertilizers, with a registered growth of over 1% in the past five years. This trend is expected to continue over the forecast period, leading to an increase in demand for hydrogen compressors, mainly used for the in the country over the forecast period.

  • Furthermore, the development of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and Japan's aim to build hydrogen fuel stations for recharging the vehicles is expected to drive the hydrogen compressor market. For instance, in Japan, 11 domestic firms, including automakers and energy firms, have made a consortium to build 80 fuelling stations for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, by 2022, in order to create a market for the next-gen fuel cell vehicle. Also as of 2020, Japan has 90 public stations, with more than 40 being operated by JXTG Nippon Oil and another 10 in the planning or construction stage. This is expected to drive the hydrogen compressor market demand for application in hydrogen fuel stations during the forecast period.

Competitive Landscape

The hydrogen compressor market is moderately fragmented. Some of the major companies include Corken Inc, Ariel Corporation, Burckhardt Compression AG, Howden Group Ltd., and Atlas Copco Group.

Reasons to Purchase this report:

  • The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format

  • 3 months of analyst support