The Naval Vessels Market was valued at USD 57.01 billion in 2019 and is anticipated to reach USD 232 billion by 2030, at a CAGR of 13.5% during the forecast period (2021 - 2030).
The outbreak of COVID-19 and the subsequent shutdowns have affected the defense manufacturing sector in several countries. The negative impacts of the pandemic are visible in the global defense supply chains as several programs rely upon a unique global network of part suppliers. Though governments and defense companies have emphasized avoiding disruptions, the pandemic has resulted in several delays in the development efforts. Considering the longer timelines involved in the development of naval vessels, the delays are expected to result in extra expenditures for the shipbuilders. For instance, in Canada, the construction of new naval ships by Irving and Seaspan ULC in Vancouver has been delayed due to supply chain disruptions due to lockdowns and the COVID-19 measures at their shipyards. Hence, the reduction in production rates due to the pandemic-induced disruptions are expected to hinder the growth of the market during the initial few years of the forecast period.
As geopolitical tensions, and maritime disputes between various nations are increasing, countries are striving to enhance their naval capabilities. Several nations are upgrading their existing naval fleets or replacing their aging fleets with newer-generation vessels that come with advanced features. With the growth in defense spending by several nations over the past decade, the industry witnessed large-scale procurement and development activities.
Technological advancements are further supporting the development of the newer generation naval vessels, as each nation wants its naval combat capabilities to be up to date. As several countries currently operate older naval fleets, they are emphasizing on procuring vessels with the latest technologies, in order to gain a qualitative technological edge over their adversaries.
The North America and Asia-Pacific region are expected to experience tremendous growth during the forecast period. The escalated tensions between the countries in Asia-Pacific region have led to countries increasing their military spending levels and their naval fleets, which will boost the growth of the market studied.
Key Market Trends
Aircraft Carrier Segment Accounted for the Largest Share in the Market in 2020
An aircraft carrier is a warship that acts as a seagoing airbase, consisting of a full-length flight deck and facilities to carry, arm, deploy, and recover aircraft. Aircraft carriers are the largest warships in the naval fleet as they require a large amount of deck room. Aircraft carriers require defensive capabilities for protecting the multitude of aircraft and crew on-board. Some of the new aircraft carriers developed include Gerald R Ford class by the United States and Type 001A class by China. The first vessel of the USâ€™ Gerald R Ford was commissioned in July 2017 and is expected to be deployed by 2022. This aircraft carrier can carry more than 75 aircraft, whereas the future aircraft carriers, the USS Enterprise and USS John F Kennedy, will be able to carry up to 90 combat aircraft. On the other hand, the Peopleâ€™s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China has been involved in the construction of a new, domestically built aircraft carrier class by the Dalian Industry Shipbuilding Company. This aircraft has a capacity to hold about 38-40 aircraft in total. The first Type 001A class aircraft carrier was inducted in December 2019. The Indian Navy is also planning to indigenously develop and acquire its third aircraft carrier, named the IAC-2, to supplement the INS Vikramaditya and the INS Vikrant. Also, in December 2020, the French Navy officially started constructing its new aircraft carrier. The new design is estimated to cost USD 8 billion for construction, and the aircraft carrier would feature a nuclear-powered propulsion system and electromagnetic catapults. The new aircraft carrier is scheduled to enter active service by 2038. However, the technological developments and the rising popularity of relatively smaller naval vessels such as frigates and corvettes, the market for aircraft carriers is expected to witness modest growth during the forecast period.
North America Region to be the Fastest Growing Market During the Forecast Period
The naval vessels market in North America is majorly driven by the United States. The United States navy has over 490 ships in both active service and the reserve fleet, with about 90 more in either the planning and ordering stage or under construction. Both the Navy and the Department of Defense have been working on the goal to achieve a more distributed fleet architecture featuring a smaller proportion of larger ships, a larger proportion of smaller ships, and a new third tier of large unmanned vehicles. The Navy has been actively implementing force structure expansion plans, aiming to reach its 355-ship goal by FY 2034 through a mix of service life extensions and new construction. The US Navyâ€™s FY2021 five-year (FY2021-FY2025) shipbuilding plan includes 42 new ships, which is 13 less than the 55 that were included in the FY2020 (FY2020-FY2024) five-year plan. The guided-missile destroyer fleet will welcome DDG-118, Daniel Inouye, while the littoral combat ships Oakland, Minneapolis-St. Paul and Mobile are expected to join the LCS community. Apart from these, the expeditionary mobile base Miguel Keith will be commissioned, and fast-attack submarines Oregon and Montana will also enter the fleet. Scheduled for christening in 2021 are three destroyers, Lenah H. Sutcliffe Higbee, Carl M. Levin, and Jack Lucas. Replenishment oilers John Lewis and Harvey V. Milk will also be christened, as will the fast-attack sub, Rickover. The expeditionary fast transport Apalachicola and the amphibious transport dock Fort Lauderdale will also be christened. Thus, as the United States has been striving to modernize and expand its entire naval fleet to remain competitive against Chinese Naval fleet, new orders will be placed during the forecast period, which will drive the naval vessels market in the North America region to rapidly grow in the coming years.
The market for naval vessels is slightly fragmented, with the presence of many local players in Europe and Asia-Pacific, which cater to the requirements of naval vessels to the navies. Some of the prominent players in the naval vessels market are General Dynamics Corporation, Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc., BAE Systems PLC, The Naval Group, and Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. among others. With the growing competition in the industry, innovation becomes a critical factor for the players for standing out in the industry, as many countries are trying to procure next-generation warships that possess advanced capabilities. For instance, in February 2020, the US Navy announced plans regarding the development of a next-generation large surface combatant that incorporates platform flexibility and growth capabilities to meet projected future fleet system requirements. The US Navy is going to spend USD 145 million on this contract. Such contracts will provide opportunities for players to strengthen their presence in the market. Players are also partnering to develop advanced naval vessels. For instance, Germanyâ€™s new F125 Baden-WÃ¼rttemberg-class series of frigates are designed and constructed by a joint-venture of ThyssenKrupp AG and LÃ¼rssen Werft GmbH & Co. KG. Such partnerships are expected to help the growth of the players during the forecast period.
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